Khan caste category

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Khan caste category

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Category:Indian caste system

Shut up u son of prostitute. Shweta mittal. Add Comment Cancel reply Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.This is a full list of Muslim communities in India OBCs that are recognised in India 's Constitution as other backward classes[1] a term used to classify socially and educationally disadvantaged classes. Below is a list of Muslim communities that have been accorded Other Backward Classes status by the Government of India in the state of Bihar.

Below is a list of Muslim communities that have been accorded OBC status by the state government of Bihar: [6].

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Below is a list of Muslim communities that have been accorded OBC status by the state government of Delhi. Below is a list of Muslim communities that have been accorded Other Backward Classes status in Gujarat.

This is a list of Muslim communities who have been granted Other Backward Class status by the Government of India in the state of Rajasthan. Explanation: In the above list for the State of Rajasthan, all castes, which are known by the name of their respective traditional hereditary occupations and whose members follow different religions, include all members of those castes, irrespective of whether they follow the Hindu religion or Islam or any other religion Vide Resolution No.

Explanation: In the above list for Uttar Pradesh for all castes linked with traditional hereditary occupations, except those entered with specific mention of name of religion, are included, irrespective of whether their members follow Hinduism, Islam or any other religion. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Retrieved 2 February Archived from the original on 27 March Retrieved 11 April Indian Muslim communities. Hidden categories: Webarchive template wayback links All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from March Articles with permanently dead external links CS1 maint: archived copy as title Use dmy dates from January Namespaces Article Talk.

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khan caste category

Languages Add links. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Nalband Muslim. Alvi Shah Muslim. Bakho Muslim. Alvi,sayyed Muslim. Thakuraibjgsxfxxz Muslim. Arain, RayeeKunjra.

BazigarNatKalandar excluding those in Sch.Kshatriyaalso spelled Kshattriyaor Ksatriyasecond highest in ritual status of the four varna s, or social classes, of Hindu India, traditionally the military or ruling class.

The earliest Vedic texts listed the Kshatriya holders of kshatraor authority as first in rank, then the Brahman s priests and teachers of lawnext the Vaishya merchant-tradersand finally the Sudra artisans and labourers. Movements of individuals and groups from one class to another, both upward and downward, were not uncommon; a rise in status even to the rank of Kshatriya was a recognized reward for outstanding service to the rulers of the day.

The legend that the Kshatriya were destroyed by Parasuramathe sixth avatar of Vishnuas a punishment for their tyranny is thought by some scholars to reflect a long struggle for supremacy between priests and rulers.

Brahmanic texts such as the Manu-smrti a book of Hindu law and most other dharmashastra s works of jurisprudence report a Brahman victory, but epic texts often offer a different account, and it is likely that in social reality rulers have usually ranked first. The persistent representation of deities especially Vishnu, Krishnaand Rama as rulers underscores the point, as does the elaborate series of ritual roles and privileges pertaining to kings through most of Hindu history.

These largely buttress the image of a ruler as preserver of dharma religious and moral law and auspicious wealth. In modern times, the Kshatriya varna includes a broad class of caste groups, differing considerably in status and function but united by their claims to rulership, the pursuit of war, or the possession of land.

Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Kshatriya Hindu caste. See Article History. Alternative Titles: Ksatriya, Kshattriya, Rajanya. This article was most recently revised and updated by Amy TikkanenCorrections Manager.

Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. The Kshatriya s, who were to become the landowning families, assumed the role of military leaders and of the natural aristocracy having connections with royalty. The Vaishyas were more subservient, and, although their status was not as inferior as that of the Sudras, they appear to have….

Most of the groups claiming Kshatriya status had only recently acquired it. The conscious reference to being Kshatriyaa characteristic among Rajputs, is a noticeable feature in post-Gupta politics.

The fact that many of these dynasties were of obscure origin suggests some social mobility: a person of any caste, having…. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your inbox! Email address. By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.

More About.In the Seljuk Empireit was the highest noble title, ranking above malik king and emir.

List of Muslim Other Backward Classes communities in India

In the Mongol Empire it signified the ruler of a horde uluswhile the ruler of all the Mongols was the khagan or great khan. The title subsequently declined in importance. In Safavid Persia it was the title of a provincial governor, and in Mughal India it was a high noble rank restricted to courtiers. After the downfall of the Mughals it was used promiscuously and became a surname.

khan caste category

The origin of the term is disputed and unknown, possibly a loanword from the Ruanruan language. Turkic and Para-Mongolic origin has been suggested by a number of scholars including RamstedtShiratori, Sinor and Doerferand was reportedly first used by the Xianbei.

The origin of qan itself is harder according to Vovin. He says that the origin for the word qan is not found in any reconstructed proto-language and was used widely by Turkic, Mongolic, Chinese and Korean people with variations from kan, qan, han and hwan. In the middle of the sixth century the Iranians knew of a "Kagan — King of the Turks". Various Mongolic and Turkish peoples from Central Asia gave the title new prominence after period of the Mongol Empire — in the Old World and later brought the title "khan" into Northern Asia, where locals later adopted it.

Khagan is rendered [ by whom? Genghis Khan himself was referred as qa'an khagan only posthumously. Originally khans headed only relatively minor tribal entities, generally in or near the vast Mongolian and North Chinese steppe, the scene of an almost endless procession of nomadic people riding out into the history of the neighbouring sedentary regions.

Some managed to establish principalities of some importance for a while, as their military might repeatedly proved a serious threat to such empires as China and kingdoms in Central Asia. One of the earliest notable examples of such principalities in Europe was Danube Bulgaria presumably also Old Great Bulgariaruled by a khan or a kan at least from the 7th to the 9th century.

The title "khan" is not attested directly in inscriptions and texts referring to Bulgar rulers — the only similar title found so far, Kanasubigihas been found solely in the inscriptions of three consecutive Bulgarian rulers, namely KrumOmurtag and Malamir a grandfather, son and grandson. Starting from the compound, non-ruler titles that were attested among Bulgarian noble class such as kavkhan vicekhantarkhanand boritarkhanscholars derive the title khan or kan for the early Bulgarian leader — if there was a vicekhan kavkhan there was probably a "full" khantoo.

khan caste category

Before the title was used to designate leaders of important tribes as well as tribal confederations the Mongol Empire considered the largest oneand rulers of non-Mongol countries. Ming Dynasty Chinese Emperors also used the term Xan to denote brave warriors and rulers. The title Khan was used to designate the greatest rulers of the Jurchenswho, later when known as the Manchusfounded the Manchu Qing dynasty. Once more, there would be numerous khanates in the steppe in and around Central Asia, often more of a people than a territorial state, e.Essay International.

The key notion of caste often goes beyond the strict framework of Hinduism, in which it originated, to influence the social structures of other religious groups. And yet, in this region of the world, which currently has the highest concentration of Muslims around millionIndia stands out from those of its closest neighbours with a Muslim minority on account of its sheer demographic weight.

Its Muslims number almost million, in other words The social organization of Indian Muslims, while sharing many general characteristics with Arab and Middle Eastern societies patrilineality, lineage, marriagecan nevertheless be distinguished from them by the vernacular caste categories it reflects. However, it can only be partly likened to the Hindu caste system, which is primarily based on criteria of ritual purity and hierarchization particular to Hinduism.

For a time, the opposition between egalitarian Islam and hierarchical Hinduism was the cornerstone of the debate between supporters and opponents of Dumontian theory. Many studies have shown that Muslim society was also strongly hierarchized and divided into social groups of varying status.

This article will review the apparent reappropriation of a specifically Hindu institution by the Muslims of South Asia. We shall first examine how this particular system of stratification by status works, and how South Asian Islam has built up a body of sources that legitimize the Muslim social order, before looking at the way in which it has given rise to a number of struggles over classification.

Finally, we shall complete this introduction to Muslim castes by presenting the debates that centre on the future inclusion of Muslims in the reservation system quotas used by the Indian government. However, while acknowledging that these forms of social organization share common features, and that the sociological specificities of South Asian Islam are the result of contact between them, here we shall show the underlying tension within Muslim society between a clearly hierarchized social system and an egalitarian view of Islam.

While Louis Dumont put forward religious Hindu ideology — particularly the opposition between the pure and the impure — as the primary foundational element of the caste hierarchy, normative Islam, on the other hand, today claims to have an egalitarian social system.

In the Muslim world in general, as in India and South Asia, that view is legitimized by a Koranic concept frequently used in the practice of Muslim marriage. Determined by birth group or occupation, it also constitutes one of the basic ways of controlling social relations. Since equality between Muslims applies only if at least the father and grandfather are Muslims, marriage therefore becomes impossible between a young Muslim whose family converted fewer than two generations ago and another Muslim.

However, this egalitarian view of Islam contrasts sharply with the functioning of Muslim society in the Indian sub-continent, whether medieval or modern, in which principles of hierarchization and deeply unequal relations govern. In his study on a Muslim minority in Nepal, Marc Gaborieau suggests doing away with our theoretical standpoint that puts forward ideology as the only founding authority of social order. He proposes that we should focus on observing the sphere of social relations and therefore the vernacular categories it reflects, while seeking similarities or differences with the Hindu caste system.

The exporting of those criteria beyond the borders of the Arab peninsula, particularly into the Indian sub-continent from the 8 th century, gave rise to another element of distinction, this time between Arabs and non-Arabs, and within this latter group between the previously converted khadim-al islamfrom the time of the very first waves of Islamization, and the newly converted jadid-al islam.

Still today, these criteria for distinction divide the Muslim social space in the Indian sub-continent into the higher castes unch zatof Arab origin, and the castes of lower status nich zatmade up of descendents of those who converted to Islam. Furthermore, the criteria for dividing Muslim society in India were not incorporated into the corpus of vernacular Islamic sources until fairly late on.

The distinction between the Ashraf nobility, in other words the social class of individuals belonging to a lineage dating back to the time of the Prophet, and the lowest stratum Arzals only appeared in a number of texts from the 13 th century onwards, when a sustainable political power was established in the region through the Delhi Sultanate.

khan caste category

Subsequently, during the prosperous time of the Mughal Empire, from the 16 th century to the end of the 18 th century, the sovereigns Sultans who succeeded one another, all from a high caste, adopted very different positions with regard to the social hierarchy and discrimination involved in the recruitment of administrative officers, as well as the subject of forced conversions to Islam.

Certain reformist schools of thought such as the Deobondi and Barelvi movements have often made use of this concept even today to legitimize the importance of caste in South Asian Islam.

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Far from being homogeneous, for over years the largest religious minority in India has been structured by three main schools of thought represented by the Barelvis, Deobondis and Ahl al-Hadiths, as well as the Twelver and Ismaili Shiite groups. Many Ashrafs are either ulamas in the case of the Sayyids, or else landowners, merchants or business people.

At the middle level, Ajlafs low-born represent the masses, whose status is defined by both their profession pesha — unlike the Ashrafs — and their identity as descendents of converts to Islam. Many castes of intermediate status fall into this category, such as farmers, traders and weavers Ansari and Julaha.Caste is some thing that can not be wished away in a Human being however enlightened one pretends to be. Religions that make fun of idol worship have landed in worshiping idols.

Hinduism understands that human mind can not function and focus in a vacuum and hence recommended Idol worship, though in higher philosophy of Hinduism, Idol worship is discouraged. Arain 2. Arghon 3. Ansari 4. Baghban 5.

What caste do Hindus with the surname Singh tend to fall into?

Balti 6. Behna 7. Bhatiara 8. Bhishti 9. Bisati Burig Chaush Dard Dhobi Ghosi Gujjar Hyderabadi Tamimi Iraqi Khanzada Kashmiri Kunjra Malkana Manihar Mappila Meo Mughal Pathans Qassab Muslim Rajput Ranghar Rangrez Saifi Shaikh Sayyid Salmani Siddi I know that hindus with the last name singh were all eventually rajputs but i was just curious as to the caste that goes with the last name. Also i'd like to point out the last name singh was a hindu surname far before the sikh religion was even created so i was just curious about the hindu caste.

Rajputs in north India have traditionally used Singh as the second part of their name. Following Guru Gobind Singh, Sikh men irrespective of the caste have done so. May be at one time Singh was a rough caste indicator but it was never a caste name. The facts are plenty and data is enormous but let's stick to the thrust of the question. May i also add that my views are based on practical situations prevailing in the current social setup around me and entirely observation based.

In simple words it also means that singh is a universal title excusive to india ,of course!

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I hope i have been judicious in my interpretation and addressed your doubt in a reasonably comprehensible format. Wishing you more discoveries of knowlledge on yahoo.

The current population of those named Singh would not fit within the Indian Caste system. Sihkh men adopt the name Singh while the women adopt Gaur as part of their religious rituals. On can BE Sihkh without having to be Punjabi.

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We have a lot of "White Sihkhs" here, in the US. Even with the legal name change to "Singh," one cannot fit them into an outdated Indian caste. Singh was first used as a surname by the Rajputs beginning in the 7th century[6]. It has been common practice among the Rajput men to have Singh as their middle name. Singh is used as a middle name or as a surname see naming patterns section by approximately 10 million adherents of Sikhism.

Apart from the Sikhs and the Rajputs, several other groups in India have also adopted Singh as either a middle name or a surname. Some of these include the Yadavs e. Contrary to the popular belief that Singh is only used by Punjabis, Singh is used by a wider population from Punjab to Uttar Pradesh and from Kashmir down into Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Maharastra to Nepal as well as the far eastern states of Manipur, Assam, Tripura, Sikkim and even Bhutan, spanning the entire subcontinent and even reaching Southeast Asia.

The use of Singh in Hindus as a middle name or last name denotes automatically that they are from the Kshatriya varna and are of the Rajput sub-caste or are descended from them where intermarriages have happened with Jats and Gujjars etc.

Update: Also i'd like to point out the last name singh was a hindu surname far before the sikh religion was even created so i was just curious about the hindu caste. Answer Save.


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